unfoldingWord® Hebrew Grammar https://uhg.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
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:github_url: https://git.door43.org/unfoldingWord/en_uhg/src/branch/master/content/stem_polel.rst
.. _stem_polel:
Stem Polel
The Polel is a rare stem formation that is similar to the Piel and
expresses the same range of meanings.
The Polel :ref:`stem<stem>` is a variation of the :ref:`Piel<stem_piel>`
and has potential to express the same range of verbal action. The Polel
stem is formed from the Piel stem by dropping the 2nd radical and
repeating the 3rd radical (with a vowel change). It is a :ref:`rare stem formation<stem-uncommon>`
in Biblical Hebrew.
.. include:: includes/consult_dictionary.txt
.. warning:: The Polel stem appears exactly the same as the :ref:`Polal<stem_polal>` stem in all
conjugations; only the 3rd-person masculine singular forms are
.. csv-table:: Polel Perfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
masculine singular third person,כּוֹנֵן,konen,he established
feminine singular third person,כּוֹנֲנָה,konanah,she established
masculine singular second person,כּוֹנַנְתָּ,konanta,you established
feminine singular second person,כּוֹנַנְתְּ,konant,you established
common singular first person,כּוֹנַנְתִּי,konanti,I established
common plural third person,כּוֹנֲנוּ,konanu,they established
masculine plural second person,כּוֹנַנְתֶּם,konantem,you established
feminine plural second person,כּוֹנַנְתֶּן,konanten,you established
common plural first person,כּוֹנַנּוּ,konannu,we established
.. csv-table:: Polel Imperfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
masculine singular third person,יְכוֹנֵן,yekhonen,he will establish
feminine singular third person,תְּכוֹנֵן,tekhonen,she will establish
masculine singular second person,תְּכוֹנֵן,tekhonen,you will establish
feminine singular second person,תְּכוֹנֲנִי,tekhonani,you will establish
common singular first person,אֲכוֹנֵן,'akhonen,I will establish
masculine plural third person,יְכוֹנֲנוּ,yekhonanu,they will establish
feminine plural third person,תְּכוֹנֵנָּה,tekhonennah,they will establish
masculine plural second person,תְּכוֹנֲנוּ,tekhonanu,you will establish
feminine plural second person,תְּכוֹנֵנָּה,tekhonennah,you will establish
common plural first person,נְכוֹנֵן,nekhonen,we will establish
.. csv-table:: Polel Sequential Imperfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
masculine singular third person,וַיְּכוֹנֵן,wayyekhonen,(and) he established
feminine singular third person,וַתְּכוֹנֵן,wattekhonen,(and) she established
masculine singular second person,וַתְּכוֹנֵן,wattekhonen,(and) you established
feminine singular second person,וַתְּכוֹנֲנִי,wattekhonani,(and) you established
common singular first person,וָאֲכוֹנֵן,wa'akhonen,(and) I established
masculine plural third person,וַיְּכוֹנֲנוּ,wayyekhonanu,(and) they established
feminine plural third person,וַתְּכוֹנֵנָּה,wattekhonennah,(and) they established
masculine plural second person,וַתְּכוֹנֲנוּ,wattekhonanu,(and) you established
feminine plural second person,וַתְּכוֹנֵנָּה,wattkhonennah,(and) you established
common plural first person,וַנְּכוֹנֵן,wannekhonen,(and) we established
.. csv-table:: Polel Imperative Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
masculine singular,כּוֹנֵן,konen,you must establish
feminine singular,כּוֹנֲנִי,konani,you must establish
masculine plural,כּוֹנֲנוּ,konanu,you must establish
feminine plural,כּוֹנֵנָּה,konennah,you must establish
.. csv-table:: Polel Participle Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
masculine singular absolute,מְכוֹנֵן,mekhonen,establishing / founder
feminine singular absolute,מְכוֹנְנֶת / מְכוֹנְנָה,mekhoneneth / mekhonenah,establishing / founder
masculine plural absolute,מְכוֹנְנִים,mekhonenim,establishing / founders
feminine plural absolute,מְכוֹנְנוֹת,mekhonenoth,establishing / founders
.. csv-table:: Example: PRO 14:34
צְדָקָ֥ה **תְרֹֽומֵֽם**\ ־גֹּ֑וי
tsedaqah **therowmem**-gowy
Righteousness **exalts**\ \_nation
Doing what is right **exalts** a nation
.. csv-table:: Example: JOB 35:14
וּתְחֹ֥ולֵֽל לֹֽו׃
**uthehowlel** low
**and-you-will-wait** for-him.
**and you are waiting** for him.