unfoldingWord® Hebrew Grammar https://uhg.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
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:github_url: https://git.door43.org/unfoldingWord/en_uhg/src/branch/master/content/stem_hithpolel.rst
.. _stem_hithpolel:
Stem Hithpolel
==============
Summary
-------
The Hithpolel is a rare stem formation that is similar to the Hithpael.
It expresses the reflexive voice of the Polel stem.
Article
-------
The Hithpolel stem is a variation of the :ref:`Hithpael<stem_hithpael>`
and expresses the :ref:`reflexive<stem-voice-reflexive>` voice of the verbal action of the :ref:`Polel<stem_polel>` stem.
The Hithpolel stem is formed from the Hithpael by dropping the 2nd
radical and repeating the 3rd radical (with a vowel change). It is a
:ref:`rare stem formation<stem-uncommon>` in Biblical Hebrew. It is recommended to *always*
consult a dictionary or lexicon for the precise nuance of any verb in
the Hithpolel stem.
.. note:: The Hithpolel stem conjugates exactly like the Polel stem, but
with the reflexive prefix (הִתְ) added.
Form
----
.. csv-table:: Hithpolel Perfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Parsing,Hebrew,Transliteration,Gloss
masculine singular third person,הִתְכּוֹנֵן,hithkonen,he established himself
feminine singular third person,הִתְכּוֹנֲנָה,hithkonanah,she established herself
masculine singular second person,הִתְכּוֹנַנְתָּ,hithkonanta,you established yourself
feminine singular second person,הִתְכּוֹנַנְתְּ,hithkonant,you established yourself
common singular first person,הִתְכּוֹנַנְתִּי,hithkonanti,I established myself
common plural third person,הִתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,hithkonanu,they established themselves
masculine plural second person,הִתְכּוֹנַנְתֶּם,hithkonantem,you established yourselves
feminine plural second person,הִתְכּוֹנַנְתֶּן,hithkonanten,you established yourselves
common plural first person,הִתְכּוֹנַנּוּ,hithkonannu,we established ourselves
.. csv-table:: Hithpolel Imperfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Parsing,Hebrew,Transliteration,Gloss
masculine singular third person,יִתְכּוֹנֵן,yithkonen,he will establish himself
feminine singular third person,תִּתְכּוֹנֵן,tithkonen,she will establish herself
masculine singular second person,תִּתְכּוֹנֵן,tithkonen,you will establish yourself
feminine singular second person,תִּתְכּוֹנֲנִי,tithkonani,you will establish yourself
common singular first person,אֶתְכּוֹנֵן,'ethkonen,I will establish myself
masculine plural third person,יִתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,yithkonanu,they will establish themselves
feminine plural third person,תִּתְכּוֹנֵנָּה,tithkonenah,they will establish themselves
masculine plural second person,תִּתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,tithkonanu,you will establish yourselves
feminine plural second person,תִּתְכּוֹנֵנָּה,tithkonennah,you will establish yourselves
common plural first person,נִתְכּוֹנֵן,nithkonen,we will establish ourselves
.. csv-table:: Hithpolel Sequential Imperfect Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Parsing,Hebrew,Transliteration,Gloss
masculine singular third person,וַיִּתְכּוֹנֵן,wayyithkonen,(and) he established himself
feminine singular third person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֵן,wattithkonen,(and) she established herself
masculine singular second person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֵן,watithkonen,(and) you established yourself
feminine singular second person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֲנִי,watithkonani,(and) you established yourself
common singular first person,וָאֶתְכּוֹנֵן,wa'ethkonen,(and) I established myself
masculine plural third person,וַיִּתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,wayyithkonanu,(and) they established themselves
feminine plural third person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֵנָּה,watithkonennah,(and) they established themselves
masculine plural second person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,watithkonanu,(and) you established yourselves
feminine plural second person,וַתִּתְכּוֹנֵנָּה,watithkonennah,(and) you established yourselves
common plural first person,וַנִּתְכּוֹנֵן,wannithkonen,(and) we established ourselves
.. csv-table:: Hithpolel Imperative Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Parsing,Hebrew,Transliteration,Gloss
masculine singular,הִתְכּוֹנֵן,hithkonen,you must establish yourself
feminine singular,הִתְכּוֹנֲנִי,hithkonani,you must establish yourself
masculine plural,הִתְכּוֹנֲנוּ,hithkonanu,you must establish yourselves
feminine plural,הִתְכּוֹנֵנָּה,hithkonennah,you must establish yourselves
.. csv-table:: Hithpolel Participle Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Parsing,Hebrew,Transliteration,Gloss
masculine singular absolute,מִתְכּוֹנֵן,mithkonen,establishing himself / he who establishes himself
feminine singular absolute,מִתְכּוֹנְנֶת / מִתְכּוֹנְנָה,mithkoneneth / mithkonenah,establishing herself / she who establishes herself
masculine plural absolute,מִתְכּוֹנְנִים,mithkonenim,establishing themselves / men who establish themselves
feminine plural absolute,מִתְכּוֹנְנוֹת,mithkonenoth,establishing themselves / women who establish themselves
Examples
--------
.. csv-table:: Example: EXO 9:17 –– מִסְתּוֹלֵל comes from the root סלל
עֹודְךָ֖ **מִסְתֹּולֵ֣ל** בְּעַמִּ֑י
'owdkha **mistowlel** be'ammi
Still-you **lifting-up-yourself** against-my-people
You **are** still **lifting yourself up** against my people
.. csv-table:: Example: PSA 143:4 –– יִשְׁתּוֹמֵם comes from the root שׁמם
בְּ֝תֹוכִ֗י **יִשְׁתֹּומֵ֥ם** לִבִּֽי׃
bethowkhi **yishtowmem** libbi
in-my-midst **despairs** my-heart
my heart **despairs**