unfoldingWord® Hebrew Grammar https://uhg.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
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:github_url: https://git.door43.org/unfoldingWord/en_uhg/src/branch/master/content/stem_hithpalpel.rst
.. _stem_hithpalpel:
Stem Hithpalpel
The Hithpalpel is an extremely rare stem formation that is similar to
the Hithpael. It expresses the reflexive voice of the Pilpel stem.
The Hithpalpel :ref:`stem<stem>` is a variation of the :ref:`Hithpael<stem_hithpael>` stem
and expresses the :ref:`reflexive<stem-voice-reflexive>` voice of the verbal action of the :ref:`Pilpel<stem_pilpel>` stem.
The Hithpalpel stem is formed from the Hithpael by dropping the 2nd
radical and repeating the 1st and 3rd radicals, thus making a form that
appears to have 4 consonants. It is an extremely :ref:`rare stem formation<stem-uncommon>` in
Biblical Hebrew. Many of the verbs in the the Hithpalpel stem in the
Hebrew Bible are from the root מָהַהּ ("to linger, delay"). It is
recommended to *always* consult a dictionary or lexicon for the precise
nuance of any verb in the Hithpalpel stem.
**From the root כּוּל, meaning "to sustain" in the Pilpel stem**
.. csv-table:: Hithpalpel Paradigm
:header-rows: 1
Perfect,masculine singular third person,הִתְכַּלְכֵּל,hithkalkel,he sustained himself
Imperfect,masculine singular third person,יִתְכַּלְכֵּל,yithkalkel,he will sustain himself
Participle,masculine singular absolute,מִתְכַּלְכֵּל,mithkalkel,sustaining himself / he who is sustaining himself
.. csv-table:: Example: DAN 11:11 –– יִתְמַרְמַר comes from the root מרר
וְיִתְמַרְמַר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ הַנֶּ֔גֶב
**weyithmarmar** melekh hannegev
**And-he-will-be-very-angry** king-of the-South
**Then** the king of the South **will become very angry**
.. csv-table:: Example: PSA 119:16 –– אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע comes from the root שׁעע
בְּחֻקֹּתֶ֥יךָ אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע
behuqqotheykha **'eshta'asha'**
In-your-statutes **I-will-delight**
**I delight** in your statutes