unfoldingWord® Hebrew Grammar https://uhg.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.

29 lines
1.4 KiB

:github_url: https://git.door43.org/unfoldingWord/en_uhg/src/branch/master/content/noun.rst
.. _noun:
.. include:: includes/noun_summary.txt
In Biblical Hebrew, all nouns contain number, gender, state, and :ref:`definiteness<definiteness>`.
By number, a noun can be :ref:`singular<number_singular>`, :ref:`plural<number_plural>`, or :ref:`dual<number_dual>`.
By gender, a noun can be :ref:`masculine<gender_masculine>` or :ref:`feminine<gender_feminine>`.
By state, a noun can be in the :ref:`construct state<state_construct>` or in the :ref:`absolute state<state_absolute>`.
Nouns are listed in a Hebrew dictionary by their singular absolute form. Also, a variety of prefixes and/or
:ref:`suffixes<suffix>` can be attached to nouns that give extra information.
.. note:: Sometimes the actual classification of a noun does not match its form. For example, a noun can appear dual when it is actually plural; a noun can appear masculine when it is actually feminine; and so on.
In Biblical Hebrew, it is very common for words to change their function within a sentence. For example, :ref:`adjectives<adjective-nominal>`,
and participles (both :ref:`active<participle_active-nominal>` and :ref:`passive<participle_passive-nominal>`) often function as nouns.
Also, sometimes a noun can function as an :ref:`adverb<adverb>` or a :ref:`preposition<preposition>`.