unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.

14.md 1.5KB


“Word” here is a metonym for “Jesus.” AT: “God’s Message to mankind” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy).

became flesh

Here “flesh” represents “a person” or “a human being.” AT: “became human” or “became a human being” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-synecdoche)

the one and only who came from the Father

The phrase “the one an only” means that he is unique, that no one else is like him. The phrase “who came from the Father” means that he is the Father’s child. AT: “the unique Son of the Father” or “the only Son of the Father”


This is an important title for God. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/guidelines-sonofgodprinciples)

full of grace

“full of kind acts towards us, acts we do not deserve”

He who comes after me

John is speaking about Jesus. The phrase “comes after me” means that John’s ministry has already started and Jesus’ ministry will start later.

is greater than I am

“is more important than I am” or “has more authority than I have”

for he was before me

Be careful not to translate this in a way that suggests that Jesus is more important because he is older than John in human years. Jesus is greater and more important than John because he is God the Son, who has always been alive.


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/flesh
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/glory
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/godthefather
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/grace
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/true
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/johnthebaptist
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/testimony