unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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Pharaoh took off his signet ring … gold chain on his neck

All of these actions symbolize that Pharaoh is giving Joseph the authority to do everything that Joseph planned. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-symaction)

signet ring

This ring had Pharaoh’s seal engraved on it. This gave Joseph the authority and money needed to carry out his plans.

clothes of fine linen

“Linen” here is a smooth, strong cloth made from the blue-flowered flax plant.

He had him ride in the second chariot which he possessed

This act makes clear to the people that Joseph is second only to Pharaoh. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-symaction)

Bend the knee

“Bow down and honor Joseph.” To bend the knee and bow down was a sign of honor and respect. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-symaction)

Pharaoh put him over all the land

The phrase “put you over” means to give authority. Here “land” refers to the people. See how you translated a similar phrase in Genesis 41:41. AT: “I put you in charge of everyone in Egypt”(See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-idiom and rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/pharaoh
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/josephot
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/gold
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/chariot
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/possess
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/egypt