unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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the fruit of the Spirit is love … self-control

Paul uses fruit as a metaphor for what people can see in other people. AT: “people whom the Spirit controls will display love … self-control like a tree produces fruit” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

fruit of the Spirit

“Fruit” here is a metaphor for “result” or “outcome.” AT: “what the Spirit produces” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor).

have crucified the sinful nature with its passions and desires

Paul speaks of Christians who refuse to live according to their sinful nature as if it were a person and they have killed it on a cross. AT: “refuse to live according the sinful nature with its passions and desires, as if they killed it on a cross” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-personification and rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

the sinful nature with its passions and desires

The sinful nature is spoken of as if it were a person that had passions and desires. AT: “their sinful nature, and the things they strongly want to do because of it” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-personification)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/holyspirit
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/love
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/joy
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/peace
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/good
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/faith
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/selfcontrol
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/lawofmoses
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/jesus
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/crucify
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/flesh
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/evil