unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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It happened

This phrase is used here to mark where the action starts. If your language has a way for doing this, you could consider using it here.

in the fifth year of King Rehoboam

This refers to the fifth year of Rehoboam’s reign as king. AT: “in the fifth year that Rehoboam was king” or “in year five of King Rehoboam’s reign” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-explicit and rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-ordinal)

Shishak, king of Egypt, came up against Jerusalem

“Shishak, king of Egypt” here is a metonym for Shishak along with the Egyptian army. AT: “Shishak, king of Egypt, and his army with him, came up against Jerusalem” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)


This is the name of a man. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-names)

came up against

This is an idiom that means marched against or attacked. AT: “came to attack” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-idiom)

twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen

“1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-numbers)

Soldiers without number

This exaggeration means that there were more soldiers than a person could easily count. AT: “Many soldiers” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-hyperbole)

Libyans, Sukkites, and Cushites

These are people from Libya, Sukki, and Ethiopia. The location of Sukki is uncertain, but it may be a region in Libya. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-names and rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-unknown)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/egypt
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/jerusalem
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/faithful
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/chariot
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/horsemen
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/ethiopia
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/kingdomofjudah