unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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poured out his bowl

The word "bowl" refers to what is in it. See how you translated this in Revelation 16:2. AT: "poured out the wine from his bowl" or "poured out God's wrath from his bowl" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

the throne of the beast

This is where the beast reigns from. It may refer to the capital city of his kingdom. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

darkness covered its kingdom

"Darkness" here is a metaphor, in which ungodliness is like a blanket, obstructing everything from God's influence. AT: "ungodliness was over all its kingdom" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

They chewed ... They blasphemed

This refers to the people in the beast's kingdom.


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/angel
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/throne
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/beast
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/darkness
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/kingdom
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/blasphemy
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/heaven
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/repent