unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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They sang a new song

"The 144,000 people sang a new song." This explains what the sound was that John heard. AT: "That sound was a new song that they sang"

the four living creatures

"living being" or "living thing." See how you translated "living creature" in Revelation 4:6


This refers to the twenty-four elders around the throne. See how you translated "elders" in Revelation 4:4.


"one hundred forty-four thousand." See how you translated this in Revelation 7:4. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-numbers)

have not defiled themselves with women

Possible meanings are 1) "have never had immoral sexual relations with a woman" or 2) "have never had sexual relations with a woman." Defiling oneself with women may be a symbol of worshiping idols.

they have kept themselves sexually pure

Possible meanings are 1) "they did not have sexual relations with a woman who was not their wife" or 2) "they are virgins."

follow the Lamb wherever he goes

Doing what the Lamb does is spoken of as following him. AT: "they do whatever the Lamb does" or "they obey the Lamb" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

bought out of mankind as firstfruits

"Firstfruits" here is a metaphor for the first offering to be made to God in celebration of harvest. AT: "purchased out of the midst of the rest of mankind as a special celebration of salvation" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor).

No lie was found in their mouth

Their "mouth" refers to what they said." AT: "They never lied when they spoke" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/throne
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/life
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/creature
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/elder
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/defile
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/purify
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/lamb
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/firstfruit
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/god
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/blameless