unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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Whoever digs a pit will fall into it

It is implied that the person digs the pit as a trap so that someone will fall into it. AT: “Whoever digs a pit to trap someone will fall into it” or “If someone digs a pit in order to trap someone, the one who dug it will fall into it” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-explicit)

the stone will roll back on the one who pushed it

It is implied that the person pushed a large stone so that it would roll downhill and crush someone there. AT: “if someone pushed a stone so that it would roll downhill and crush someone, the stone will roll back on him instead” or “if someone maked a stone roll so that it would hurt someone, the stone will crush him instead” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-explicit)

A lying tongue hates the people it crushes

The phrase “a lying tongue” represents a person who tells lies. Crushing people represents causing them trouble. AT: “A liar hates those he hurts by his lies” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-synecdoche and rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

a flattering mouth brings about ruin

The phrase “a flattering mouth” represents a person who flatters people. Possible meanings are 1) a person who flatters others causes trouble or 2) a person who flatters others ruins them (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-synecdoche)


praising someone in a manner that is not sincere, or praising someone about things that are not true


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/pit
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/stone
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/tongue
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/ruin