do not quarrel
Possible meanings include 1) "do not argue" and 2) "do not become afraid"
went up out of Egypt
It was common to use the word "up" when speaking of traveling from Egypt to Canaan.
he is ruler over all the land of Egypt
Here "land of Egypt" stands for the people of Egypt. AT: "he rules all the people of Egypt" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)
His heart was astonished
Here "heart" stands for the whole person. AT: "and he was astonished" or "he was very surprised" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-synecdoche)
he could not believe what they told him
"he did not accept that what they said was true"