could not control himself
This means he could not control his emotions. It can be stated in positive form. AT: "was about to start crying"
house of Pharaoh
Here "house" stands for the people in the Pharaoh's palace. AT: "everyone in Pharaoh's palace" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)
shocked in his presence
"terrified of him"