God continues to talk to Jacob in a dream.
Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth
God compares Jacob's descendants to the dust of the earth to emphasize their huge number. AT: "You will have more descendants than you can count" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-simile)
you will spread far out to the west
The word "you" is singular and refers to Jacob. Here Jacob represents his descendants. AT: "your descendants will spread out to the west" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)
you will spread far out
This means the people will extend the borders of their land and occupy more territory.
to the west, to the east, to the north, and to the south
This phrases are used together to mean "all directions." AT: "in all directions" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-synecdoche)
Through you and through your descendants will all the families of the earth be blessed
This can be stated in active form. AT: "I will bless all families on the earth through you and your descendants" (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-activepassive)
This adds emphasis to what is said next. AT: "Look" or "Listen" or "Pay attention to what I am about to tell you"
for I will not leave you. I will do all
"for I will not leave you until I have done all"
I will keep you
"I will keep you safe" or "I will protect you"
I will bring you into this land again
"I will bring you back to this land"