unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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the word of Yahweh came

This is an idiom that is used to introduce something that God told his prophets or his people. See how you translated this in Ezekiel 3:16. AT: “Yahweh spoke this message” or “Yahweh spoke these words” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-idiom)

Now you, son of man, will you judge? Will you judge the city of blood?

This rhetorical question functions as a command. AT. “Son of man, go and judge. Go and judge the city of blood.” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-rquestion)

son of man

“son of a human being” or “son of humanity.” God calls Ezekiel this to emphasize that Ezekiel is only a human being. God is eternal and powerful, but humans are not. See how you translated this in Ezekiel 2:1. AT: “mortal person” or “human”

the city of blood

The word “blood” is a metonym for murder. AT: “the city where many people murder their neighbors” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

her … herself

The word “her” refers to Jerusalem. Cities were often thought of as a woman. This continues through verse 32. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-gendernotations and rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-personification)

This is a city that pours … her midst

Here the “city” represents the people who live there. AT: “The people who live in this city pour … its midst” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

that pours out blood in her midst

The word “blood” is a metonym for murder. AT: “where many people murder their neighbors” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)

so that her time may come

This refers to the time when Yahweh will destroy them. AT: “so that the time of her destruction may come” or “so that the time may come for her to be destroyed” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-explicit)


A person who God considers spiritually unacceptable or defiled is spoken of as if the person were physically unclean. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/wordofgod
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/sonofman
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/judge
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/blood
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/know
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/abomination
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/lordyahweh
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/falsegod
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/clean