unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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08.md 2.2KB

the word of the Lord

“Word” here is a metonym for “message.” AT: “the Lord’s teachings” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

has rung out

Here Paul speaks of the Christian witness produced by the Thessalonian believers as if it were a bell that was rung or a musical instrument that was being played. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor)


This is an ancient district in what is now present-day Greece. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/translate-names)

For they themselves … They tell … They report

Paul is referring to the churches that already existed in the surrounding regions, who have heard about the Thessalonian believers.

they themselves

Here “themselves” is used to emphasize those people who had heard about the Thessalonian believers. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-rpronouns)

what kind of coming we had among you

Here “coming” stands for the enthusiastic welcome experienced by Paul and his companions. AT: “how warmly you welcomed us” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metonymy)

They tell how you turned to God

“Turned to God” here is an idiom for “changed direction toward.” AT: “They tell how you changed direction toward God” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-idiom)

his Son

This is an important title for Jesus that describes his relationship to God. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/guidelines-sonofgodprinciples)

whom he raised

“Raised” here is an idiom for “caused to live again” AT: “whom God caused to live again” (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-idiom)

from the dead

From among all those who have died. This expression describes all dead people together in the underworld. To come back from among them speaks of becoming alive again.

who frees us

Here Paul includes the Thessalonian believers. (See: rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-inclusive)


  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/wordofgod
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/names/macedonia
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/faith
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/god
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/falsegod
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/serve
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/sonofgod
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/heaven
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/jesus
  • rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/wrath