unfoldingWord® Translation Notes https://www.unfoldingword.org/utn/
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  1. # General Information:
  2. Here the word "brother" refers to a fellow Christian.
  3. # The one who says
  4. "Anyone who says" or "Someone who claims." This does not refer to a specific person.
  5. # he is in the light
  6. This is a picture of living right. When people do what is right, they can do it in the light and not hide in the dark. AT: "he does what is right" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor]])
  7. # is in the darkness
  8. This is a picture of living sinfully. When people do what is wrong, they like to hide in the dark. AT: "is in the darkness, doing what is evil" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor]])
  9. # there is no occasion for stumbling in him
  10. "nothing will cause him to stumble." The word "stumbling" is a metaphor that means to fail spiritually or morally. AT: "nothing will cause him to sin" or "he will not fail to do what is pleasing to God" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor]])
  11. # is in the darkness and walks in the darkness
  12. "Walks" here is an idiom for "lives." This same idea is said twice to bring attention to how evil it is to hate a fellow believer. AT: "is living in darkness" or "is living in the darkness of sin" or "is in the darkness and lives in the darkness" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-parallelism]])
  13. # he does not know where he is going
  14. This is a picture of the believer who is not living as a Christian should be living. AT: "he does not know what he should do" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor]])
  15. # the darkness has blinded his eyes
  16. "the darkness has made him unable to see." Darkness is a metaphor for sin or evil. AT: "sin has made it impossible for him to understand the truth" (See: [[rc://en/ta/man/translate/figs-metaphor]])
  17. # translationWords
  18. * [[rc://en/tw/dict/bible/other/light]]
  19. * [[rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/brother]]
  20. * [[rc://en/tw/dict/bible/kt/love]]