English Unlocked Hebrew Grammar
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English Unlocked Hebrew Grammar

This is the repository for a reference grammar for biblical Hebrew based on the morphology codes that show up in the Open Scriptures Hebrew Bible.


First stage

Start fresh and provide descriptions of grammatical concepts that show up in Open Scriptures Hebrew Bible morphological data

  • 1-2 sentence that is pop-upable in the 01.md files (Glossary entry)
  • ~1 page entry that provides more information and 2-3 examples like teaching grammars in 02.md files (Article entry)

Second stage

  • Tag the UHB with specific grammatical information (interrogative pronoun)
  • Evaluate (and adjust, if necessary) structural aspects of the morphological data scheme (see list below)
  • Sort all verbs parsed as imperfect in UHB for cohortative and jussive forms

Items to evaluate:

  • Add the following to parsing morphology? causal particle; conditional particle; discourse particle; compound conjunction; particle of existence; particle of non-existence
  • Separate "preposition with definite article" (Rd) into two distinct morphological items, "preposition" (R) + "definite article" (Td)?
  • Re-evaluate: should the category "determined state" be included in the grammar, or should this be called "definite" instead? There is potential for confusion with Aramaic here. In Hebrew, the "determined state" and "definite" are one and the same thing, but in Aramaic they are not. Perhaps we should use the term "definite" in UHG in order to avoid confusion with the "determined state" in the UAG.
  • Parsing for questionable terms: H71 – proper name, feminine; H145 – common noun, masculine; H521 – common noun, feminine; H643 – common noun, masculine; H1847 - common noun, feminine (except masc. in Prov 2:10, 14:6, and Job 33:3); H2156 - common noun, feminine; H4530 – common noun, feminine; H4593 – common noun, feminine? (check textual problem); H5135 – Aramaic word, not Hebrew; H7452 – common noun, masculine; H2859 – common noun, masculine (feminine in Deut 27:23); H5116a – common noun, masculine (feminine in Job 8:6); H5183a – common noun, feminine (masculine in Job 36:16); H5183b – common noun, masculine; H6211a – proper name, feminine (Job 9:9); H6211b – common noun, masculine; H492 – adjective; H794 – common noun, feminine; H2233 – common noun, masculine; H2346 – common noun, feminine; H2898 – common noun, masculine; H3816 – common noun, masculine; H5895 – common noun, masculine; H6423 – pronoun, masculine singular; H7548 – common noun, feminine; H8574 – common noun, masculine; H5178 – common noun, masculine; H6635b - common noun, feminine; H8577 – common noun, masculine; H217a – common noun, masculine; H5971a – common noun, masculine; H5868a,b – common noun, masculine; H6643a,b – common noun, masculine; H17 – interjection; H24 – common noun, masculine; H681 – preposition; H786 – particle of existence; H837 – common noun, masculine; H1215 – common noun, masculine; H1383 – common noun, feminine; H1890 – common noun, masculine; H2440 – adverb; H2626 – adjective; H2958 – adverb; H3038 – ???; H4033 – common noun, masculine; H4227 – common noun, feminine; H4512 – common noun, masculine; H4596 – common noun, masculine; H6673 – common noun, masculine; H7315 – adverb; H7934 – adjective; H7946 – adjective; H8613 – proper name; H2791 – common noun, masculine; H6957a – common noun, masculine.
  • Textual issues in UHB to re-evaluate. Song 6:12 –– proper name or not? When is אוֹיֵב a noun, when a participle?

Third stage

  • Write syntax glossary and article entries
  • Tag text with syntax information

Old Hypothesis comments

The following links are useful for seeing comments that were made on the UHG through Hypothesis before May 18, 2017. Comments made after that be visible through the normal Hypothesis commenting system.